Some time ago I inherited a rather complex and intimidating codebase that I wanted to get my head around to. I already made some minor tweaks in the past, but without fully understanding it. The time has come to refactor some crucial parts in this application. In comes NDepend
NDepend was known to me for many years as I used the free version in the past on and off on smaller projects. It basically analyses the hell out of your code and provides some really compelling statistics and graphs. The feature list is impressive and the latest (beta) version integrates fully with Visual Studio.
Patrick Smacchia was kind enough to provide me with a free license to his amazing product. But sadly enough I did not find the time to play with it that much. Until now that is.
On my particular project, I contemplated for a long time on coming up with a mass amount of unit tests to support the code. But doing so after the fact is not only boring, but also not very effective if you don’t fully grasp the inner workings of it. The change I had to make needed me to better understand the code.
After I ran NDepend, I was greeted with a marvelous report that provided me with insights I had never seen before. Especially the “Assemblies Abstractness vs. Instability” diagram put me with my feet on the floor again.
Now I know why coming up with decent unit tests for this code would not be easy 🙂 If you’re not into metrics like I do, you do need the excellent documentation though.
The out of the box report provides you with suggestions on which methods could need refactoring, which ones are too big, too complex, lack comments, have too many parameters, too many local variables, too many responsibilities and much much more. Furthermore, you can customize the report by adding your own queries – in Code Query Language (CQL) format.
Unfortunately I cannot disclose my complete report, but believe me – it turned out to be invaluable!
If you haven’t looked at NDepend before, be sure you do!
[Update] I found this article by Scott Hanselman a particular good read on the basic terminologies involved in NDepend.